Questions in Information Theory IV: Philosophy of Science
Friday, November 12th, 2010 | Author: Konrad Voelkel
See also: Questions part I - Information and Entropy
Questions part II - Complexity and Algorithmic Complexity
Questions part III - Statistical Physics, Quantum Physics and Thermodynamics
Questions part IV - Philosophy of Science [Pop34] [Kuh62] [Fey75] [Mil09]
- Does the point of view of information theory provide anything new in the sciences? [GM94]
Does information theory provide a new paradigm in the sciences? [Sei07]
- Is quantum information the key to unify general relativity and quantum theory?
Is information theory a guiding principle for a “theory of everything”?
“I think there is a need for something completely new. Something that is too diﬀerent, too unexpected, to be accepted as yet.” – Anton Zeilinger, 2004
- (Why) are real discoveries possible in mathematics and other structural/formal sciences? [Bor07]
- Can we create or measure truly random numbers in nature?
How would we recognize random numbers?
What is a random number (or a random string of digits)?
“Any one who considers arithmetical methods of producing random digits is, of course, in a state of sin. For, as has been pointed out several times, there is no such thing as a random number — there are only methods to produce random numbers, and a strict arithmetic procedure of course is not such a method.” – John von
- What is semantic information, what is meaning in science?
What do we expect from an “explanation”?
“The Tao that can be told is not the eternal Tao.” – Lăozı, 4th century B.C.
- How do the concepts “truth” and “laws of nature” ﬁt together? [Dav01] [Car94]
- Does is make sense to use linguistic terminology in natural sciences? [Gad75]
- Should physicists try to interpret quantum physics at all? [Dir42]
- Would it make sense to adapt the notion of real numbers to a limited amount of memory?
Can we build a theory of physics upon intuitionist logics?
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